In this article, we will discuss the effects of trauma and the benefits of trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy.
The Trouble with Trauma
Experiencing traumatic events can be overwhelming and disrupt a person’s ability to function. Serious cases can produce Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms, including:
- Haunting memories with accompanying emotional upheavals as if the traumatic event was being experienced again
- Overwhelming frustration in the form of feeling threatened, with a heightened sense of vigilance
- An urge to fight or run away from the traumatic memory
- Irrational thinking patterns and beliefs about yourself, others, and the world
The traumatic event can be the experience of surviving a serious car accident, a terrorist attack, domestic, physical, or sexual violence, or it could be the experience of life-threatening situations such as wars or natural disasters, or other horrendous events. Survivors may have feelings of shock, fear, false guilt, shame, anger, or vulnerability. The effects of these experiences can last for decades, especially in cases of traumatic events during childhood.
The Two Major Techniques of Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy